新东方GRE作文笔记

GRE

新东方GRE作文笔记

一.注意事项

好的语言组织;精准的词汇;句子结构的多样性;出众的想法;文章的长度;段落的数量(通常是五个)

二. 找出未经证实的假设

The argument requires___ that /assumes without……Clarification, confirmation, establishment, qualification, warrant

三. 找出错误。然后用逻辑的语言表达出来,通常作为topic sentence。根据每个topic sentence来组织每一段。最后将所有的段落连接起来,要注意使用连词,保证段落之间的过渡流畅。

四. 阅读文章的时候注意“绝对化”的语言!

常见的错误:

False analogy; Hasty generalization; Assumption without confirmation

常用的句型:

The arguer failed to demonstrate/convince us that (failed to provide adequate information)

the arguer assumes without confirmation that

it is totally possible that

draw a general conclusion about reliability on the basis of a sample that is likely to be biased

fails to acknowledge the possibility that

treat XXXX as XXXX

it proceeds as if a condition, XXXXX, is the only condition under which XXXX

No allowance is made

五. 错误分类

1. control experiment 特例否定“绝对”,但是否定不了“一般”

2. Hasty generalization

3. False analogy

4. Comparative Problem 平行比较、垂直比较、选择性比较

5. Evidence Practicality

6. False dilemma 比如,“either……or……”

7. No causal relationship 两件事情先后发生并不意味着二者之间有因果关系;两件事情之间有联系,并不意味着两件事情之间是因果关系;混淆了结果和效果

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